Business Finance Source Definitions


Understanding the language and terminologies of the business finance world is just part of the challenge of entrepreneurs seeking business finance.


Seed capital: capital required to fund a business project before the product or service is marketed. Seed capital is often pivotal in high-tech projects to allow businesspersons to conduct surveys as well as research and development on prototypes that will become companies’ core business.


Venture (or risk) capital: equity invested temporarily in the form of shares of a company by a specialised firm in the hope of a return on investment (ROI) that is both large and speedy, on a par with the level of risk taken. Venture capital firms invest both in start-ups and growing businesses.




Business angels (informal venture capital): private individuals who invest part of their estate in start-ups in the form of venture capital and also contribute their personal managerial expertise.


Business Angels Networks (BANs): standing regional platforms that promote the matching of business angels with potential investees.


Early stage (or start-up) finance: equity invested in businesses that are past research and development but need additional funding to market their products and services.



Mezzanine: combination of equity and loans. Applicable interest rates are often comparatively high.


Financial package: a combination of different funding sources.


Corporate venturing:: venture capital invested by existing firms for the purpose of funding innoative businesses set up by their own staff or active in industries considered of strategic importance.


Grants: subsidies paid—without an obligation to refund—by public authorities to companies investing in a region for the purpose of facilitating their establishment or expansion.


Factoring: a technique whereby SMEs sell invoices to specialised firms.


Leasing: hire-purchase of capital goods.


Loans and debt: the main sources of funding for SMEs.




Private Equity Investment: Private equity is an alternative investment class and consists of capital that is not listed on a public exchange. Private equity is composed of funds and investors that directly invest in private companies, or that engage in buyouts of public companies, resulting in the delisting of public equity. Institutional and retail investors provide the capital for private equity, and the capital can be utilised to fund new technology, make acquisitions, expand working capital, and too bolster and solidify a balance sheet.


The Caban Group have built ups significant infrastructure of service providers who support entrepreneurs with access to business finance, support with restructuring, access to grant funding and support in improving cashflow challenges. Contact the team at Caban through the contact form on the website or by emailing Info @ Caban.co.za

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