Impact Investing in Africa has certainly been on the rise over the past 5 years. The private equity industry has never had the best reputation. Even with the staunchest of defenders, private equity is often viewed as greedy and willing to do anything for the sake of making a quick buck. However, with the growing interest in impact investing in South Africa – the term coined to describe investments that are made into companies, organizations and funds with the intention to generate social and environmental impact – we may be seeing this bad private equity reputation changing.
In the general sense, private equity is meant to inject working capital into a promising business and refine products, while keeping shareholders suitably compensated for their risk taking. While this typically means investing in a company that will provide the firm with great returns, these returns – technically – could also be social returns. And that’s where impact investing comes in.
Impact investing in Africa can generate social and environmental returns, as well as positive financial returns. And sometimes even more importantly, it can change the popular attitudes towards a specific business.
Impact Investing in Africa
Take a look at the global oil firm BP. After the accident with the Deepwater Horizon offshore rig in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010, their stock values took a severe hit. Under pressure from concerned investors, BP was quick to implement energetic and comprehensive programs to compensate the affected populations and reverse the environmental damage.
Private equity firms are now looking to include impact investing in Africa into their portfolios, and today interest in social impact returns among private equity investors is at a level where it is possible to talk of social investment as an alternative asset class. Some private equity firms are already consciously approaching investments while thinking, “how can we place money for positive impacts?”.
However, not all private equity firms have fully embraced impact investing just yet. Many are not yet ready to look beyond income statements and balance sheets to see if the company’s goals, values and missions address health, social and environmental challenges. But this could soon change.
In recent years, there has been greater attention given to impact reporting – the auditing of non-financial results – which has made sustainable business, social enterprises and charities ventures that much more attractive to private equity firms. Having access to these types of audits can help private equity firms get more involved with social impact investing, as they can show both the social return as well as the cash return.
Additionally, there has been a growing awareness in the opportunities to make a positive social impact. As this awareness grows, individual investors, family offices, endowment funds and other sources of private capital are “pushing” their managers to seek out promising impact investment opportunities.
All these facts are likely to accelerate the move towards more and more private equity firms getting involved in more impact investment opportunities. And as they do, these private equity firms can help fill in the remaining gaps to some of today’s biggest social challenges – bringing new products and services to market that deliver both financial and social returns.
A recent study by the Global Impact Investment network (The GIIN), found that based on feedback from close to 300 private equity investors, 69% of whom regard the market as growing steadily and who expect to invest $48 billion in 2021. And the total market size is now reckoned at around $715 billion. Add to this the fact that Norfund, the world’s largest sovereign wealth fund with assets under management of more than $1,289,460,000,000 has formally divested from fosil fuels and in 2020 invested made more than half their investments in Africa, you can see why there is such optimism in both Impact investment and the African opportunity.
While many private equity firms are increasingly keen to change the record, heartened by the attention given to responsible investing, encouragement by the government, clear financial returns and improved reporting – overall, it may take a little longer for past negative associations to fade from popular imagination. Still, there are some who are demonstrating that there may still be a case for them after all.